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努尔哈赤征战三十六年,终于建立后金政权

2019-07-27 点击:1805

Just as Nurhachi will unify the women’s realities and advance the industry, there are contradictions within Jianzhou.

First, Nurhachi and his brother Shulhaqi had a power conflict. In 1609, Shulhaqi attempted to lead the troops, and Nurhachi discovered in time that he detained Shulhaqi and copied all the property. The mastermind involved in the case was executed.

Just after the battle of brothers, the contradiction between Nuerhachi and his sons has intensified. After the brother Shulhaqi’s accident, Nurhachi’s hopes were pinned on the eldest son’s unspeakable English, and the British imperial powers were smouldering, and they began to look at the people. In 1613, Nurhaci ordered the arrest of Yu Ying and killed his son on August 2, two years later.

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After the internal separatist forces were removed, the state government was highly unified, and Nurhachi had a political order to complete the reunification of the Jurchen. In order to strengthen the rule and adapt to the needs of social development, Nurhachi gradually established a set of eight-flag system integrating military, political and production functions in the process of continuous expansion. The flag is a kind of personnel establishment. In order to make it easy to distinguish, each person is distinguished by different flag colors. At first, there were only four flags of 葭, white, red and blue. Later, as the team continued to grow, it gradually added yellow, white, blush, and blue flags. The yellow, white and blue flags were all set with red edges and red flags. White borders, combined into eight flags.

The Eight Banners are independent of each other and are not responsible for each other. They are responsible for the highest commander of the Eight Banners, Nurhachi. Nurhachi directly administers two yellow flags, a total of 65 cattle records, while maintaining a Guardian-like nature of more than 5,000 elite troops. In addition to the other people, the other flag-flags have their own elite guards. These flagkeepers are: Nurhachi, the second son of the good, and the two red flags, a total of 51 cattle records; Nurhachi eight sons of the emperor, the collar with white flags, 20 cattle records; Nurhachi scorpion Amin, collar with blue flag, 33 cattle records; Nurhachi Chang Sun Dudu, led the white flag, 18 cattle recorded; Nurhachi five sons Gultai, led the blue flag, 21 cattle recorded.

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“牛路”是国旗的基层单位。最初的“牛路”由300人编制。到了1614年,每个“牛路”的数量已经增加到大约400个。每个“牛路”都是一对一的:每5个“牛路”共同编辑为“A La”的优秀单位,建立一个领导者;每5“A La”作为一个优秀单位共同编辑。鼓山“古山”的领袖是“旗主”,有两个副职。

八旗的建立使女真成为一个整体,统称为“旗人”。 “旗手”有权标记牲畜和财产。通常,作为从事生产活动的人,他有义务在战时作战。旗手与旗手和士兵的下属之间的关系非常严格。 “王子们区分了王子和王子。”官员和诽谤者必须向旗帜大师3报告并被允许采取行动。

在八旗的基础上,努尔哈赤建立了最高的政治中心。“部长会议部长”是由八旗和部长共同决定的政治问题。这种政治制度具有分权的特点。

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1599年,为了促进官方文件的交流和促进社会发展,努尔哈赤命令Erdeni和Yugai创造新词。在蒙古语的基础上,这两个人将蒙古语字母与女真语的发音结合成一个新文本,即“文文”。因为它的字形和蒙古字符非常相似,后来被后世称为“旧满族”,在1632年也被称为“无圆满族”。当太极帝执政时,他也改善了孔子海巴克。盘旋,进一步改善了满族。

到1616年,努尔哈赤基本统一了女真部。经过30多年的战斗和杀戮,过去取得第13件遗物的无名少年现在已经拥有6700名士兵,从辽宁到辽宁,从北到嫩江,再到鸭绿江。在南方。

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随着军事,政治和经济力量的增长,努尔哈赤建立另一个国家的时机已经到来。 1616年(万历十四年),在第一个月的第一个月的第一天,在旗手的支持下,努尔哈赤被称为Hetuala的汗(现在辽宁省新宾县永陵镇) ,定国大金,年号。从那以后,在中国东北建立了奴隶主阶级政权。为了区别于历史上的早期金,历史被称为“后金”。

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