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什么是公诉案件怎样提起刑事自诉

2019-07-24 点击:680

所谓公诉案件,亦即刑事公诉案件,是指由各级检察机关依照法律相关规定,代表国家追究被告人的刑事责任而提起诉讼的案件。刑事诉讼中的公诉,是指人民检察院对公安机关侦查终结移送审查的案件,以及对于自行侦查终结的案件,认为犯罪事实清楚,证据确实,充分,已涉嫌构成犯罪,依法应当追究被告人的刑事责任,从而提请人民法院进行审判的诉讼活动。这是法律赋予人民检察院代表国家行使的一项诉讼权利,通常称为 '公权'。

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而刑事自诉案件,是被害人或其法定代理人向人民法院提起诉讼,由人民法院直接受理的轻微的刑事案件,但很多人往往不知道该怎样提起刑事自诉,以致被害人的合法权益得不到保护

提起自诉案件的程序

1,提起自诉。被害人或其法定代理人,近亲属以及他们的诉讼代理人在法定的起诉时效期限内,可以用书面或口头的方式直接向有管辖权的人民法院提出起诉。

法定代理人是指被代理人的父母,监护人和负有保护责任的机关,团体的代表。近亲属是指夫,妻,父,母,子,女,同胞兄弟姐妹。诉讼代理人通常是指律师。

2,确定起诉的法院。刑事自诉通常是优先到犯罪行为发生地的法院起诉,但也可以到被告人(犯罪嫌疑人)户籍所在地或经常居住地的法院起诉。

3,准备起诉材料刑事自诉案件到法院起诉,还需要准备以下材料:

(1)刑事自诉状。

自诉状或者告诉笔录应当包括以下内容:

XX1 The name, gender, age, nationality, place of birth, education level, occupation, work unit, and address of the private prosecutor, the defendant, and the agent;

2 The time, place, means, plot and harmful consequences of the defendant’s criminal act;

3 specific litigation requests;

4 The name and specific time of the people's court sent to you;

5 The name, source and other evidence of the witness's name, source, etc.

(2) Identification materials. Such as a copy of the victim's ID card.

(3) Evidence data. If the victim is related to the injury or the public security organ's report materials and forensic appraisal, such as the security agency or the procuratorate does not investigate the defendant's criminal liability, as well as the proof of the violation of his or her personal and property.

4. The people's court shall make a decision on whether to file a case within 15 days from the date of receipt of the self-indictment or oral confession, and notify the private prosecutor or the person who has been told in writing, and for the self-reported case that has been filed and has been examined for lack of evidence, If the private prosecutor fails to provide additional evidence, the private prosecutor should be persuaded to withdraw the lawsuit or ruling the dismissal. However, when the private prosecutor filed another new evidence sufficient to prove that the defendant was guilty, the people's court should accept it.

The above is a summary of how to file a criminal prosecution. You can refer to it. If unfortunately encountering unlawful infringement and failing to properly handle the police, it may file a criminal prosecution to investigate the criminal liability of the other party, and may require the other party to compensate for the loss through criminal incidental civil action. However, criminal prosecution cases involve the collection of evidence materials, court proceedings, and other aspects of the legal profession. If the case is not handled well, the court may not file a case or win the case. It is advisable to entrust a professional criminal defense lawyer to handle the litigation matters. It is possible to maintain the interests of the victim most.

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xxThe team of criminal defense lawyers of Beijing Gaojie (Jinan) Law Firm, led by criminal defense lawyer Du Jiasheng, specializes in a large professional legal service team that effectively defends criminal cases.

Committed to effective defense of major crimes such as fraud, financial crime, duty crime, smuggling crime, pyramid scheme crime, tax crime, drug crime, criminal crime, cybercrime.

Direct emergency counseling lawyers in major emergency cases

Du Jiasheng 15853158135 (same as WeChat)

Law Office switchboard: 0531-68659996

Address: 807, Building 1, Ginza Jingdu International, Shunhe East Street, Shizhong District, Jinan City, Shandong Province, China

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